PLANTAIN
Common Names

Plantain , Broad-leaved Plantain, Ribwort,
Botanical Name
Plantago major
Family
PLANTAGINACEAE ~ Plantain Family

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What is it?

The leaves of a very common herb now found growing wherever people are all over the world. The American Indians called Plantain ‘white man’s footsteps’ because it followed them as they spread over the continent. The Plantain plant is low-growing, long lived (perennial) and has distinctly broad, well-ribbed oval leaves that can reach up to 12cm in length.


PLANT


SEED STEMS


POWERED

How has it been used?

Plantain has a rich herbal history for use in chronic skin conditions and general weakness of the nervous system and it has been regarded as a nourishing and versatile tonic.

Plantain has a tremendous folk-history as a first aid herb to use ‘on the spot’. It is highly rated for many common outdoor happenings including bites, cuts, grazes, stinging from other plants etc. The fresh plantain leaves, bruised (i.e. scrunched up enough so that its juices can run a little) is remarkably soothing and provides rapid relief for pain, itching or irritation on the skin.

Internally Plantain may not be as well known by as many people but it is at least as good on the inside as it is as an external healer. Plantain has exceptional healing and soothing qualities and it can be most helpful for a damaged intestinal lining (e.g. ulcers or gastritis) or a damaged lining of the urinary tract (it was particularly favoured in the past for conditions where there was blood in the urine).

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Science on Plantain

~ A study published in the Lancet described several people who contracted poison ivy rash who were immediately treated with Plantain; the itching subsided and did not return.

~ Plantain has several active ingredients that contribute to its medicinal action; allantoin, a substance that is well proven to stimulate tissue regeneration through causing cells to divide more vigorously (via mitosis), aucubin, a substance with proven antibiotic actions and mucilage, a soothing, natural anti-inflammatory substance.

~ The Journal of Ethnopharmacology published an article on Plantain in 2010 which states 'Scientific studies have shown that Plantain extract has a wide range of biological effects including wound healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-relieving), antioxidant, antibiotic and immuno modulating activity'

Safety of Plantain

Plantain is extremely safe to use in high or frequent doses if necessary and may be taken by the young or old, whilst pregnant or during breastfeeding with confidence.

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Personal experiences

Aside from its obvious potency as a first-aid remedy I have personally come to develop a tremendous respect for its ability to heal damaged tissue from deep within through working with people with chronic problems. Plantain has many similarities to Comfrey with the key difference that it is very much safer to use.

Many people have a ‘low-grade’ irritation and inflammation of their digestive and urinary tracts. The degree of damage to the gut or the urinary tract can vary from a little to a lot and they may only be peripherally aware of the symptoms of this kind of subterranean problem however such slow conditions can develop into much more serious ones whilst steadily sapping wellbeing along the way. In such cases there is a great place for Plantain and it can be very successfully utilised.

It's easy to discard a herb like Plantain just because of its very 'ordinary' nature. This would be a mistake; some of the most powerful herbs in nature have the most unassuming of shapes! It can pay to think about how these remedies earn their reputations over the long clinical trial of history..

The village doctor/herbalist in the past had no hospital to send people to...not so long ago most people lived off the land in small rural settlements, far away from the kind of concentrated populations of people that are necessary for something like a hospital to exist.

Plantain earned its reputation by being able to help people with desperately dangerous conditions such as bleeding internally or externally simply because it worked. None of us can have any doubt that a herb that could avert such danger would be highly prized and that if it didn’t work it would be swiftly jettisoned!

I think that Plantain works best as a fresh herb for stings, sores, wounds of bites and as a dried herb in tea as a remedy for 'wounds on the inside. Perhaps as much as 5 or 6 grams in a day if needed.

If you who are reading this are studying herbal medicine or want to get to know this plant remedy at a much deeper level than on the abstract then I urge you to use it at the first opportunity that presents itself. Perhaps you will be outdoors (where there is grass there will be Plantain) and will get a bite from a bug or a sting from a nettle, or perhaps you will get a sudden soreness, a 'wound' in your gut, from eating something that your body takes significant offence to! In any case the rapid use of Plantain, whether it be in tea or tincture form internally, or as a plant 'bandage' to your skin, will assuredly give you an understanding of its virtue as a first-aid remedy faster than anything I, for one, could possibly convey!

Plantain combines perfectly with Calendula and Chamomile to rapidly assist healing within the body when needed. I will also happily used Plantain in combination with Comfrey for external treatments or on occasion internally for short periods of time when the damage is severe and the need is great.

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Constitutional note

Much of the information here about the traditional uses of Plantain is consistent with the model of thinking whereby one may treat problem A with plant B. There is value in this approach, especially in how it helps us pass on useful knowledge to one another, but it falls short in one vital area; and that is that people are not all cut from the same cloth! Something that works brilliantly for one person may do little for another- Why is this?

The reason is that people vary in their constitutions as to whether they are more hot or cool and at the same time more dry or damp; more info about this here.

There is an old wisdom in treating the person first and the condition second and in this light Plantain can particularly offer its benefits when a nourishing action is needed in the 'cycle of healing' - something that is discussed here and shown in a chart here.

Historical notes

Some American Indian tribes used the abundant plant as a remedy for the bite of the rattlesnake, and called it "snakeweed" after this use.

The Shoshoni Indians heated the leaves and applied them in a wet dressing for wounds.

Boerhaave, an 18th century botanist, recommended that Plantain leaves be bound to aching feet after long hikes to relieve pain and fatigue.

Our Saxon ancestors esteemed Plantain highly and in the old Lacnunga (a collection of miscellaneous medical texts, Lacnunga means 'remedies' in Old English) the Weybroed (plantain) is mentioned as one of nine sacred herbs.

Please understand that I cannot personally advise you, including on products or dosage, without seeing you in my clinic but ideas on how you might find a good herbalist in your area are here.
This living 'book' is my labour of love so, wherever you are, I wish you peace & good health!

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© 2011 R.J.Whelan Ltd